Sunday, July 15, 2007

Drugs That Help Relieve Colds

Cold affects millions of people every year and its symptoms bring discomfort to people of all ages. And although there is still no cure yet for the common cold, there are lots of remedies that are available for people buy to help ease symptoms and speed up the recovery process.

1.) Decongestants - These are usually bought in the form of capsules, tablets, liquid, in nasal spray and in drops. The active ingredients in these medicines is Pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline. Decongestants help relieve stuffy nose by reducing the swelling of membranes lining the nose to clear the nasal passages. There are however, side effects in taking these medicines which includes irritability, headaches, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, palpitations and can cause burning sensations in the nose. Nasal sprays which contains oxymetazoline or phenylephrine works the fastest since they act directly on the nasal passages. They may also have the least side effects but they should not be used more than three days.

2.) Antihistamine - They come in capsule, tablet and in liquid form and the active ingredient is Diphenhydramine, Brompheniramine and Chlorpheniramine. Antihistamines cure itchy eyes, runny nose and recurring sneezing by inhibiting histamine, a natural substance that causes this symptoms in response to the cold virus and allergens. But antihistamines can cause nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and drowsiness. Antihistamines can cause sedations and are best taken at night before we sleep or when you don't have to drive or go to work and just about anything that requires your full attention. Brompheniramine and Chlorpheniramine can cause less drowsiness than Diphenhydramine.

3.) Cough suppressant - Comes in capsule or liquid form and the active ingredient is Dextromethorphan and cures dry, hacking cough by relieving the hackling caused by the cough reflex. Side effects by taking these medicines include nausea, vomiting, dizziness and drowsiness. Don't attempt to suppress the cough if you have asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis or cystic fibrosis. These suppressants can also cause problems for children under six months and studies suggest that suppressants are nothing more than placebo.

4.) Expectorant - Contains Guaifenesin and comes in capsule, tablet and liquid form. help relieve mucus producing cough by thinning mucus and loose phlegm making it easier to cough and clear the air passages. taking these medicines can cause nausea, vomiting, upset stomach and headaches. Guaifenesin is the only FDA approved over the counter drug, but its effectiveness has been questioned in recent studies. Products that contain expectorants and cough suppressants may counter act each other making it far less effective than we hoped it to be.



Post a Comment

<< Home